The oldest parasite DNA ever recorded has been found in the ancient, desiccated faeces of a puma. A team of Argentinian scientists from the National Council of Scientific and Technical Research CONICET made the discovery after studying a coprolite taken from a rock-shelter in the country’s mountainous Catamarca Province, where the remains of now extinct megafauna have previously been recovered in stratigraphic excavations. Radiocarbon dating revealed that the coprolite and thus the parasitic roundworm eggs preserved inside dated back to between 16, and 17, years ago, towards the end of the last Ice Age. Ancient mitochondrial DNA analysis was used to confirm the coprolite came from a Puma Puma concolor and that the eggs belonged to Toxascaris leonina , a species of roundworm still commonly found in the digestive systems of modern day cats, dogs and foxes. The latest find shows that these roundworms were infecting the fauna of South America before the arrival of the first humans in the area around 11, years ago. It’s difficult to recover DNA of such an old age as it usually suffers damage over time. Our working conditions had to be extremely controlled to avoid contamination with modern DNA, so we used special decontaminated reagents and disposable supplies. Several experiments were performed to authenticate the DNA sequences obtained and the efforts of the team of researchers who participated was essential. The discovery marks a number of firsts: it represents the oldest record of an ancient DNA sequence for a gastrointestinal nematode parasite of wild mammals, the oldest molecular parasite record worldwide, and also a new maximum age for the recovery of old DNA of this origin. For Dr Petrigh, the findings also cast light on both the past and the present.
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PDF | Puma concolor, a large American cat species, occupies the most gest that the puma’s origin dates to the recombination map, one (FCA) was un-.
Suddenly we bumped into each other. It was great being her friend. We always laughed so much. Today we discussed the latest twist in man-woman relationships — older woman-younger man. Cougars, they call them, I said. She grinned mischievously. Forty and above, cougars. Fifty and above, jaguars. I said. I shall research then write about it. Pumas, cougars, jaguars sound like nothing more than very big wildcats.
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A puma is more than a sleek feline predator. It’s also a slang term for a woman’s dating life and, more specifically, the age of the partner she seeks. There are definitely some ageist and sexist connotations to the term, so let’s take a look at what it’s been used to refer to and how it’s evolved over time. In the United States, “puma” has been used as slang for a cougar minus ten years; she is defined as a woman in her 30s who prefers dating younger men.
Which size guide are you looking for? Female. Puma konverzní tabulka ženy; Puma Women. Male. Puma konverzní tabulka muži; Puma Men.
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She gained recognition following the release of her first two studio albums, Music of the Sun and A Girl like Me , both of which were influenced by Caribbean music and peaked within the top ten of the US Billboard chart. Rihanna’s third album, Good Girl Gone Bad , incorporated elements of dance-pop , catapulted her to international stardom, and established her status as a sex symbol in the music industry.
All four releases combined various other musical styles and consolidated Rihanna’s commercial success, with Unapologetic being her first number-one album in the US. Her eighth album, Anti , showcased a new creative control following her departure from Def Jam. It became her second US number-one album and featured the chart-topping single ” Work “.
Radiocarbon dating revealed that the coprolite and thus the parasitic roundworm eggs preserved inside dated back to between 16, and.
The 17,year-old faeces was found in an inhospitable cave in the Catamarca Province in the northwest of the country. The eggs belonged to a species of roundworm called Toxascaris leonina which is still commonly found in the digestive systems of modern day cats, dogs and foxes. Life in the region would have been very different when the puma was alive — it was much wetter and humans had not arrived yet.
The giant cat probably hunted stilt legged horses and the ancestors of modern-day camels, known as camelids. The region was also home to giant sloths, sabre-toothed cats and wolves. The study , published in the journal Parasitology , shows that roundworm — which is picked up by humans in contaminated soil and results in a rash, headaches and diarrhoea — was around long before humans came to the region.
Archaeologists think cases of parasitic disease increased among humans as hunter-gatherer populations became settled farmers. This would have put them in regular contact with accumulated waste and excrement, making the infections more likely. You can find our Community Guidelines in full here. Want to discuss real-world problems, be involved in the most engaging discussions and hear from the journalists? Start your Independent Premium subscription today.
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Puig and Bellinger are the names that jump out. Despite a mercurial career that has featured its share of low moments , Puig is 28 years old and coming off a season in which he posted an. Bellinger is the real prize. He’s 23 years old and controllable through He won National League Rookie of the Year honors in with 39 homers and a. His numbers dipped in , but he still slashed a solid.
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Not only will he experience his first playoff berth since being drafted in , but he will be sporting J. I’m just super-excited about launching it with them. It’s probably the best shoe up-to-date from a comfort standpoint, and also just performance on the court. The ardent Dreamville supporter gushed about his love for J.
PUMA x J. Watch the full film at the link in our bio. Obviously, Don Tolliver. Just the whole Jackboys project. I’m a huge Travis fan. Roddy Ricch is crazy. That’s like top-five projects of the year for me. Thug and Future , too. This year, the Los Angeles Lakers are thriving in the Western Conference standings, even while enduring the franchise’s darkest hour.
In January, Lakers legend Kobe Bryant died in a helicopter crash along with his year-old daughter and seven other passengers.
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In a recent interview, Demi Moore talked about her upcoming birthday she’ll be 47 tomorrow , the lack of well-written movie roles that come her way, and her hatred of the term “cougar,” which she has become the poster-woman for ever since she started seeing the sixteen-years-younger Ashton Kutcher. Why, she asks, is she singled out for her relationship to a younger man when she has obviously not been the first famous woman to do this?
And why the use of the label “cougar,” which many feel is derogatory? If you’re going to assign her any label at all, she’d prefer it if you used “puma” instead In my opinion, I don’t see a difference between the two!
Based on a woman’s age, this scale classifies women (who prey on younger Age Puma Age Cougar Age Jaguar Age Panther Age.
Offset age net worth. Targets will help you stick to your financial plan and motivate you to do more if you’re falling behind. Using Census Bureau data from the last year the government reported figures for net worth , we can chart the household median net worth by age in the U. Born Kiari Cephus but better known by his stage name Offset, he is a member of the hip hop trio Migos.
Being a female rapper, Cardi has received worldwide applause for her performances. The fact is that Cardi B worked in a supermarket situated in Lower Manhattan and then carried on to become a stripper when she was 19 years. La La Anthony is a dynamic figure who at a very early age strives to achieve her dream career successfully. In , Offset along with his Migos band members and associates was arrested for possessing firearms and marijuana in Georgia State University campus. Scroll to the end of this article to hear the group discuss Culture II during their latest Breakfast Club interview.
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Ninety percent of the world’s internet population lives outside of North America, with 46 percent residing in Asia, and, more specifically, China. Within China alone, there are million internet users — and that’s only 50 percent of the total market. That’s a massive market opportunity for U. This was the message of Tom Davis, head of global e-commerce at Puma , during his keynote address at the eTail East conference in Boston yesterday.
Looks like something has gone wrong with our coronavirus live map in my Equities are to date resilient and not reflecting the state of demand Competitor Puma said “business in China is heavily impacted due to the.
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